Extraction / manufacture
No specific rules have been developed regarding extraction and manufacture of CBD. However, the OGYEI paper on CBD makes an inference about the use of hemp seeds for CBD extraction. We are quite sceptical as to what this means in practice since CBD extraction from hemp seeds is not very efficient, and all relevant the authorities avoid providing any interpretation. When it comes to topical products, Cosmetic Regulation No. EC 1223/2009 prohibits the use of cannabis flowers and fruiting tops from which the resin has not been extracted.
Import / export
As CBD is not under specific government control, its import and export should not entail any special requirements.
Pure CBD isolate / flowers
Flowers may not be used for CBD extraction for use in cosmetics (Regulation (EC) No. 1223/2009) or food products (Regulation (EC) No. 178/2002). However, it is not clear to what extent this is enforced. Hungarian national regulation does not provide any information on this issue.
According to the OGYEI CBD paper, THC content in finished product should be limited to:
10 mg/kg (0.001%) in hemp seed oil in food supplements
0.2 mg/kg (0.00002%) in other hemp seed derivatives in food supplements
up to 5-10 ppm (0.0005% – 0.001%) in cosmetics
There are no provisions limiting THC in e-liquid, however in our view they should be THC-free.
CBD food supplements are allowed on the Hungarian market. There is no regulation of CBD origin, so based solely on the OGYEI CBD paper we can infer that CBD can be extracted only from hemp seeds. The paper does not specifically ban extraction of CBD from other parts of the plant, but it does say that only hemp seeds can be used in the manufacture of food supplements. We believe the process of CBD extraction for use in food supplements would be considered to be manufacturing and therefore prohibited.
Maximum level of CBD in the final product is also unregulated; however, it seems the authorities consider that naturally occurring CBD in hemp seed can reach a maximum of 25mg/kg (0.0025%). Any concentration above this would be considered enriched, and therefore come the under category of novel food.
All dietary supplements, including those with CBD, must be registered with OGYEI before they are placed on the market. If the product has been available on the EEA (European Economic Area) market, the manufacturer or importer should note where the initial registration was made and submit the information initially provided to OGYEI. These details can be submitted in either Hungarian or English.
In addition, a data sheet – available in the Dietary Supplement Act, Annex 4 – should be submitted. The data sheet requires the following data to be disclosed:
Company information – name, contact information
Country of production, manufacturer name and contact information, markets where the product is available
When the product was placed on the Hungarian and EEA market
Composition, presented in descending order
Sensory attributes (colour, taste, fragrance, shape etc)
Label (to attach)
If imported, importer’s declaration if marketed in the country of production
Instructions for use
Name, production/expiry date.
The authority may request additional information. The manufacturer or importer should try to describe the components as accurately as possible and indicate the origin of CBD – where it was extracted from.
OGYEI confirms that hemp foods with “a higher amount” of CBD fall under Regulation 2015/2283 on novel food. However, the paper does not specify what is considered to be “a higher amount”. Referring to “hemp association data”, it says that naturally occurring CBD in hemp seed oil can reach a maximum of 25 mg/kg and everything above this content is considered enriched and cannot be legally marketed as food. This is a very low CBD content, which in practice means that all edibles with more than 0.0025% CBD have to obtain novel food authorisation before they are placed on the market.
In 2018, the European Commission requested information from EU member states about the use of other hemp parts (leaves, flowers, extracts of different plant parts etc) prior to 15th May 1997. If it is proven that food from other hemp parts was legally placed on the market, the list of novel foods will be updated.
All cosmetic products placed on the EU market must comply with the Cosmetic Regulation No. EC 1223/2009, which prohibits the use of cannabis flowers and fruiting tops from which the resin has not been extracted.
The ban is a consequence of the Single convention on narcotic drugs, Annex II no. 306, according to which cannabis is defined as the flowering or fruiting tops of the cannabis plant (excluding the seeds and leaves when not accompanied by the tops) from which the resin has not been extracted.
The EU CosIng – Inventory of Ingredients lists cannabidiol under restricted substances, referring to the same schedule, which is why it is possible that CBD extracted from flowers and fruiting tops cannot be commercialised in Hungary.
All cosmetic products must be registered online free-of-charge through the EC Cosmetic Products Notification Portal (CPNP). The act of registration does not mean that the product is compliant or safe. There is no need for a separate national registration of the product.
The OGYEI paper states that safe content of THC from hemp seed in cosmetics is less than 5-10 ppm.
The Cosmetics Act gives OGYEI authority over cosmetic products on the market, while enforcement is carried out by the district office for public health and consumer protection authority.
According to the TNRSG (Tobacco and Nonsmoker Protection Act), vegetable smoking products are subject to the statutory reporting and labelling obligations. Before a product is placed on the market or the composition of a product changes, all ingredients must be reported to the BMASGK.
It is imperative to comply with the THC value regulated in the Narcotic Drugs Act, which must not exceed the limit of 0.3% (the substance that is prohibited under the Narcotic Drugs Act and has the intoxicating known effect). In the context of tobacco law, this value must also be interpreted as meaning that the THC content is only considered to be lower if the THC content does not exceed 0.3% even after conversion of THCa into THC in the course of the combustion process.